International Journal of Sustainable Lighting 2019-08-26T01:05:41+00:00 Geun Young Yun Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Introduction</strong></p> <p>The International Journal of Sustainable Lighting (IJSL) is the successor of the former Ingineria Iluminatului - Journal of Lighting Engineering, issued in Romania starting with 1999. IJSL aims to become an internationally recognized journal and to complement the existing prestigious lighting journals with an emphasis on emerging lighting issues including light pollution, chronobiology, sustainable buildings by extending its readers and authors to the worldwide lighting communities. The IJSL is an open access journal and is published bi-annaully in June, and December each year.</p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p>The International Journal of Sustainable Lighting is based on a change of paradigm from energy-efficiency to trans-disciplinarity (including energy, ecology, biology, green buildings, astronomy); it is a peer reviewed scientific journal encompassing experimental, theoretical and applied research results with respect to field of sustainable lighting. It provides a forum for architects, engineers, biologists and researchers involved in the design, operation, construction and utilization of lighting.</p> <p>The foremost objective is to give a quality online publication to our readers and authors. In this pursuit, our effort focuses upon quality publishing and an unquestioned commitment to the highest standards of professional and corporate ethics.</p> <p><strong>Editors-in-Chief</strong></p> <p>Jeong Tai Kim, Professor, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea</p> <p>Dorin Beu, Professor, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania</p> <p><strong>Executive Editor</strong></p> <p>Geun Young Yun, Associate Professor, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Impact of artificial illumination on the development of a leafmining moth in urban trees 2019-08-26T01:05:41+00:00 Sibylle Schroer Eva Häffner Franz Hölker <p>Light emission from street lighting or other light sources alters the living conditions for organisms in urban areas. Nowadays, the impact of light at night (ALAN) on urban plants and their trophic environment is not well understood. To gain more insight about herbivore plant’s interaction when exposed to ALAN, outdoor and greenhouse tests were conducted using the horse-chestnut leafminer, <em>Cameraria ohridella</em>, as a test organism due to its adaptive behavior. At the end of the season, the development of chestnut tree leaves and the leafminer were measured at illuminated versus non-illuminated sites in the city of Berlin and the rural area of Brandenburg. Illuminated leaves were larger than those grown in darker rural areas and, extended larval activity was recorded. Additionally, in the greenhouse, infested chestnut seedlings were exposed to two different light regimes; one treatment provided continuous illumination and the other short daylight conditions. After only one week, the mine size was lower on illuminated seedlings, presumably due to reduced leaf senescence. The leafminer developed a lower proportion of diapausing pupae and a higher proportion of free pupae, which leads to a further generation within the season. The results indicate a strong impact of ALAN on plant metabolism, a secondary effect on leafminer development and its larval activity. For urban trees, the consequence might be an increased herbivore / parasite pressure. For herbivores and parasites less adapted to winter damages than the invasive leafminer a reduced dormancy due to direct or indirect effects of ALAN could even threat the population.</p> 2019-08-17T04:27:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Sibylle Schroer Testing for changes in light emissions from certified International Dark Sky Places 2019-08-26T01:05:40+00:00 Emilee Hyde Sabine Frank John C Barentine Helga Kuechly Christopher C. M. Kyba <p>The International Dark-Sky Places (IDSP) program of the International Dark-Sky Association is a voluntary certification in which communities commit via legislative changes to move towards more sustainable lighting that reduces light pollution. As over 115 IDSP have now been certified, it is interesting to ask the extent to which this certification results in reduced light emissions. In this paper, we compared trends in upward light emission of 98 communities located in or near IDSP to those of 98 similarly sized communities further away from the IDSP, using a night lights observing satellite (the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite Day-Night Band). The current dataset is not sufficient to distinguish the hypothesis that IDSP certification results in a lower rate of change in upward light emissions from the null hypothesis that IDSP certification has no impact. This result is with regard to upward light emissions only: it is possible that certification has resulted in decreases in night sky brightness that the satellite is not able to observe.</p> 2019-08-17T04:28:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Christopher C. M. Kyba Repeatability of Colour Matching Tests using Psychophysical Methods. 2019-08-26T01:05:40+00:00 Jacobus Gideon van der Westhuyzen <p>The researcher working in the field of illumination can use a number of measurement methods, depending on the requirement. Many practical evaluation methods employ varieties of a configuration where test stations are positioned next to or opposite each other for comparison purposes. Test stations can consist of test booths or even full-sized test rooms when using indoor evaluations. The number of test booths for indoor application may differ from one to three. Most colour and light perception studies thus depend on human observers to provide some feedback or input. It is the human observer who uses illumination devices and it is important that human response to these products be measured. Results achieved from these measurements can, in turn, be used by the lighting designer to optimize the design of illumination products. Many studies in the field of colour perception and/or matching rely on the method of “psychophysics” where humans are used. Reliability of results achieved when using human observers can be questioned. Results achieved with psychometric testing cannot be compared with an established benchmark and/or standard as such a benchmark was itself generated using human observers, endangering the researchers to become entangled in a closed circle of cause and effect where one depends on the other. This study investigated the reliability of human observers when studying colour perception. Repeatability of results achieved when using human observers was measured. A test was repeated using the same set of observers. Even this approach is not safe as human memory may serve the observer so well, that results can be selected, or at least influenced, on the basis of memory and not perception. The solution was to implement extended time between measurements, thereby hoping that sufficient time will lapse to erase details from the observer’s memory. A colour matching task had to be completed to test observers of two distinct age groups. One group was older than 50 years of age and the second group was younger than 40 years of age. The two groups were tasked to complete the same colour matching test at the beginning of a year and after one year. Test procedures and test equipment were identical before and after the year.</p> 2019-08-21T00:48:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jacobus Gideon van der Westhuyzen